If you’re like most people, you’ve never heard of mono until one of your friends or family members contracts it. Mono, or infectious mononucleosis, is a disease that is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus and is most commonly seen in teenagers and young adults. In this blog post, we will answer the question “what is mono?” and provide information on symptoms, treatment and when to visit urgent care. We’ll also discuss why this disease is so prevalent among young people and advise parents on what to do if their teen contracts mono. Finally, we’ll tell you about the benefits of using University Urgent Care for mono treatment.
About Infectious Mononucleosis:
Infectious mononucleosis, or mono, is a contagious disease that is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). This virus is most commonly spread through contact with saliva, which is why it is often referred to as “kissing disease.” Mono can also be spread through blood transfusions, organ transplants and sharing straws or utensils with someone who has the virus. The incubation period for mono is 30 to 50 days, which means it can take up to two months for symptoms to appear after exposure to the virus.
How is mono caused?
Mono is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, which is a type of herpes virus. This virus is very common – it’s estimated that up to 95% of adults have been infected with EBV at some point in their lives. However, most people who are infected with EBV don’t develop any symptoms. It’s believed that mono occurs when the body’s immune system is unable to fight off the virus.
What happens if you have mono?
If you have mono, the EBV will infect your lymphocytes – a type of white blood cell. This will cause an increase in the number of these cells in your bloodstream. In some cases, the virus can also affect other organs, such as the liver or spleen.
Does mono go away?
Most people who have mono will recover within two to four weeks with no lasting effects. However, some people may experience fatigue and tiredness for several months after the initial infection. In rare cases, mono can lead to more serious complications, such as liver damage or inflammation of the brain.
Diagnosing Infectious Mononucleosis:
If you think you or your child may have mono, it’s important to see a doctor as soon as possible. Mono can often be diagnosed based on symptoms and a physical examination. Your doctor may also order a blood test to look for antibodies to the EBV. Doctors will be looking for a high level of a type of antibody called heterophil antibodies.
Symptoms of Mononucleosis
The most common symptom of mono is fatigue. Other symptoms may include:
- Sore throat
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Body aches
- Loss of appetite
Treating Infectious Mononucleosis:
There is no specific treatment for mono. The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms and help the body fight off the infection. This can be done with rest, plenty of fluids and over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. In some cases, your doctor may also prescribe steroids to reduce inflammation.
Mononucleosis (Mono) in Teens and Young Adults
Mono is most commonly seen in teenagers and young adults. This is because EBV is more likely to cause symptoms in people who have not yet been exposed to the virus. Mono is also more common in the fall and winter, which may be due to the fact that people are more likely to be indoors and in close contact with each other during these months.
When to Visit Urgent Care for Infectious Mononucleosis:
If you or your child has mono, it’s important to see a doctor as soon as possible. In most cases, mono can be diagnosed based on symptoms and a physical examination. However, if your doctor suspects that you or your child has complications from mono, they may order additional tests. These tests can be done at an urgent care center.
Some complications from mono include:
- Liver damage
- Inflammation of the brain or spinal cord
If you or your child has any of these symptoms, it’s important to seek medical attention right away.
Can mono be prevented?
There is no vaccine for mono, so it can’t be prevented. However, you can reduce your risk of exposure to the virus by avoiding close contact with people who are sick and washing your hands often.
When should I call my teen’s or young adult’s healthcare provider?
If your teen or young adult has mono, it’s important to see a doctor as soon as possible. In most cases, mono can be diagnosed based on symptoms and a physical examination. However, if your doctor suspects that your teen or young adult has complications from mono, they may order additional tests. These tests can be done at an urgent care center.
Mono home remedies
At-home remedies in addition to prescribed medication for mono treatment include, but are not limited to:
- Drinking plenty of fluids
- Eating a healthy diet
- Avoiding alcohol and cigarettes
- Taking over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen
Who might get mononucleosis (mono)?
Mono is most commonly seen in teenagers and young adults. This is because EBV is more likely to cause symptoms in people who have not yet been exposed to the virus. However, any person of any age can get mono.
Can you get mononucleosis (mono) more than once?
Yes. You can get mono more than once, but it is less common.
Treating Mono at University Urgent Care in Fort Worth, TX
At University Urgent Care we provide affordable and accessible healthcare when you need it most. We accept both walk-ins and appointments and have all the resources to properly identify most infectious diseases properly and quickly, so you can get back to feeling better!